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The most important recommendation for introducing new foods to your dog’s diet is to do so progressively.

Because introducing new foods into your dog’s diet may lead to digestive problems.

Our advice is to introduce only one new food at a time, in small amounts at first and observe your dog for any reactions to the change.

Keep in mind that every dog is different, so if you have any doubts please check with your veterinarian to see which ingredients are appropriate for your dog.

But how about the foods you eat?

We’re sure you sometimes wonder yourself: Can my dog eat this? Is this food bad for him? Is human food for dogs OK?

The following list includes numerous foods organized by alphabetical order.

Every food is marked with the potential risk to induce gastrointestinal or toxicity problems in dogs.

The risk is classified as:

  • 0: Minimal risk if given in controlled amounts
  • 1: Low risk
  • 2: Moderate risk
  • 3: High Risk

We advise you not to give your dog foods marked with risk 2 and 3.

Anyhow, you should always consult a vet to get a specific overview of the human foods’ risks on your dog.

List of Foods and Their Risks


Food Risk Comments
Acorns 3 Acorns are poisonous because they contain gallotannin. Tree bark, leaves, bud, and water contaminated by oak leaves are dangerous too.
Alcohol 3 Intoxicated animals can present seizures and respiratory failure.
Alfalfa Use about 1 tsp for a 50 lb dog once a day.
Almonds 2 Almonds are difficult for dogs to digest and are associated with gastrointestinal symptoms.
Aloe vera 2 The sap of this plant contains anthracene glycosides which can cause significant intestinal upset and act as a laxative.
Apple Don´t forget that seeds and stems contain cyanogenic glycosides which can cause stomach upset if consumed in large quantities.
Apple juice (fresh) 1 Any fruit juice for a dog should be free of added sugar, artificial colors, or other ingredients.
Apricot 2 The seeds, leaves, and stems contain cyanide. Additionally, the pits can be a potential choking hazard or cause an intestinal obstruction.
Asparagus 1 Asparagus is safe. However, asparagus fern (the plant) may cause some intestinal discomfort.
Avocado 2 The pit may cause an intestinal obstruction. Avocados contain a toxic named persin but dogs would have to eat large quantities to get sick.



Food Risk Comments
Baby food 2 For healthy dogs, baby food does not contain the appropriate balance of nutrients for dogs.
Bacon 2 Bacon is rich in fat. It can lead to pancreatitis in dogs which is a very painful condition.
Bagel 1 Bagels have a layer of topping on the outside – onion bits, garlic, poppy seeds. Thus, they can induce digestive upsets in dogs.
Banana Bananas are full of vitamins, fiber, and potassium. Too many bananas can induce constipation.
Basil This herb has antioxidant, antiviral, and antimicrobial properties. You can sprinkle a pinch of the fresh chopped herb atop your dog’s meal.
Barley You can offer it to your dog by adding some juiced carrot and apple into the cooked barley.
Beans Prefer black or green beans. Serve them cooked and in limited portions. Avoid canned and red kidney beans.
Beef Cooked beef meat is very nutritious. It has appropriate amounts of protein.
Beer 3 Beer consumption can result in serious organ (kidney, liver, stomach) damage.
Beets Most dogs love them. Offer beets as a treat.
Bell peppers Bell peppers provide fiber and lots of vitamins and minerals. You can offer it to your dogs as little strips.
Blackberries They can be a sweet little treat for your dog.
Bones 3 Giving your dog bones might lead to an unexpected trip to the veterinarian.
Bread 2 Bread can cause a dog’s stomach to expand which is a very painful condition.
Broccoli Broccoli makes a great snack for pups. You can offer them steamed or raw.
Brown rice Dogs should eat cooked brown rice because cooking gelatinizes the tough starch granules and makes them easier to digest and absorb.
Brownies 3 Brownies contain chocolate and nuts which are toxic ingredients for dogs.
Brussels Sprouts 1 They are rich in vitamins, dietary fiber, and antioxidants. Large consumption can cause diarrhea.
Butter 2 Too much fat is very harmful to dogs. Since butter is almost 100% fat.



Food Risk Comments
Cabbage 1 It aids in digestion, is good for the skin and has antioxidant properties. But it can also cause flatulence.
Canola oil 1 This vegetable oil is rich in omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids. I recommend only organic canola oil, ½ to 1 tsp of canola oil per day.
Cantaloupe It’s a refreshing, delicious, and healthy treat.
Caramel 3 Caramel is made by heating sugar. Sugar is not healthy for dogs.
Carrots Cut up carrots into smaller sticks or pieces that dogs can easily chew on.
Cashews 2 Cashews are not healthy for dogs due to their high levels of fat and calories.
Cat food 3 Dogs and cats have different nutritional needs.
Cauliflower 1 Dogs can eat cauliflower both raw and cooked. Too much cauliflower can lead to diarrhea, stomach upset, and flatulence.
Celery Cut the celery into little pieces before feeding it to your dog.
Cilantro You can add a small amount of cilantro to commercial dog foods and home-cooked dog meals to make them healthier and tasty.
Chamomile tea Chamomile has anti-spasmodic, anti-inflammatory, sedative, antimicrobial, digestive, and antihelmintic properties.
Cherries 1 Never let your dog eat the stems, leaves, or seeds as those contain poisonous cyanide.
Cheerios 2 You shouldn’t let your dog eat a lot of Cheerios at once, and never offer Chocolate Cheerios.
Cheese 2 Most adult dogs are lactose intolerant.
Chia seeds 1/4 tsp per 10 pounds of your dog’s body weight. Feed in seed form, soaked in water or ground, and sprinkle on top or mix into the food.
Chicken Deboned cooked chicken is a very healthy option for your dog.
Chickpeas You can offer chickpeas cooked and plain. They are rich in protein and fiber.
Chips 3 The high amounts of trans fats and salt in potato chips makes them dangerous for dogs.
Chocolate 3 Chocolate contains a stimulant called theobromine that is poisonous to dogs.
Clam 1 Just remember not to serve them in their shells.
Crab 1 If fed in small portions, your dog should be fine. However, crab contains a lot of iodine, which many dogs are allergic to.
Crackers 1 Make sure crackers do not include raisins, chocolate, or another dangerous ingredient.
Cranberries Cranberries can help to treat urinary tract infections.
Coconut oil You can administer 2 to 5 drops of coconut oil with your dog’s meals.
Coffee 3 Coffee contains methylxanthines. These compounds are dangerous for dogs.
Corn cobs 3 Corn cobs can cause intestinal blockage and possible gastrointestinal perforation.
Cornmeal 2 Make sure to add another protein source (i.e. meat) along with the corn to make a complete and balanced meal.
Cottage cheese Cottage cheese can be a good protein source for dogs that present occasional episodes of diarrhea. It is low in lactose.
Cucumbers Peeled and given in chewable portions, cucumbers are fine for dogs.
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Food Risk Comments
Doritos 3 Doritos are processed food that is high in fat, high in sodium and their main ingredient is corn.
Duck Duck meat is a good source of protein and nutrients for a healthy immune system.



Food Risk Comments
Edamame Dogs can eat fresh uncooked edamame (salt-free).
Eggs 1 Avoid fresh eggs and eggs fried with a lot of oil or butter.
Eggplant 2 It isn´t toxic for dogs. However, eggplant can induce allergic reactions.



Food Risk Comments
Fat trimmings 3 Fat trimmed from meat, both cooked and uncooked, may cause pancreatitis in dogs.
Fish Remember not to let your dog eat raw fish. Remove the bones from the fish before offering it to your dog.
Flaxseed 1 It can be sprinkled over food or incorporated into homemade treats. Avoid offer flaxseed to breeding dogs.
French fries 3 They contain lots of salt and saturated fat having the potential to cause health problems such as pancreatitis and obesity.



Food Risk Comments
Garlic 3 It contains thiosulphate, which can cause hemolytic anemia, liver damage, and death in dogs.
Gelatin Gelatin contains beneficial amino acids for the skin, hair, and joint health.
Granola 3 Granola ingredients that dogs cannot eat are raisins, chocolate, and nuts.
Grapefruit 3 It is toxic due to the essential oils, contained in the skin and pit, and to the presence of psoralens.
Grapes 3 It has been proven that this fruit can cause kidney failure in dogs.
Green beans There are five nutritional benefits found in green beans, which are vitamins A, K and C, magnesium, and fiber.
Green tea 2 Green tea contains caffeine which is toxic to dogs.
Ginger 2 An excessive amount can lead to bloating, nausea, and other problems in the digestive system.
Ginger ale 3 All types of soda are loaded with chemicals.



Food Risk Comments
Ham 2 Ham usually contains a lot of salt, and it isn’t healthy for dogs to eat salt-rich foods.
Honey 1 Adult dogs can have honey in small quantities. Never feed honey to a puppy. A teaspoon of honey a day is more than enough.
Honeydew 1 Dogs can eat honeydew, but take out the seeds first.
Human vitamins 3 Human vitamins are not nutritionally appropriate or recommend for dogs.



Food Risk Comments
Ice cream 2 If your dog is able to digest dairy products, it’s okay to offer him a small amount of ice cream (free from xylitol or chocolate).
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Food Risk Comments
Jalapeno 3 Keep spicy foods away from your dog.



Food Risk Comments
Kelp This special sea vegetal contains lots of minerals and healthy properties.
Ketchup 3 It is considered toxic for dogs. It can cause hemolytic anemia.
Kiwifruit These fruits are an excellent source of vitamins and fiber.



Food Risk Comments
Lactose-free milk 2 Your dog doesn’t need it. Moreover, some dogs are allergic to the milk’s protein.
Lamb Lamb meat is a nutritious source of protein.
Leftovers 3 There are many “human food” items that are unhealthy and dangerous for dogs.
Lemons 3 The peel, pith, and seeds of lemons can cause irritation in dog’s digestive systems.
Lentils Lentils are safe for dogs. They are a good source of protein and do not cause gas problems.
Lettuce All types and varieties of lettuce are safe for dogs in small amounts.
Liver You can feed your dog small amounts of fresh cooked liver as a supplement once or twice a week.



Food Risk Comments
Macadamia nuts 3 Eating Macadamia nuts can interfere with the dog’s nerve function. The exact toxic mechanism is still unknown.
Mango 1 Remember to remove the mango seeds and to feed only small amounts.
Marshmallows 3 Marshmallows are mostly made out of sugar. It’s not a good idea to give your dog marshmallows or other sweets.
Melon This type of fruit makes great and healthy treats, particularly during summertime.
Milk 2 While some dogs can drink milk, a lot of dogs cannot digest it properly and other dairy products due to lactose intolerance.
Milkshake 3 It contains ingredients (e.g. fat, dairy, sugar) that are potentially dangerous for dogs.
Mints 3 Xylitol is a sugar-free artificial sweetener found in mints. It can be very toxic to dogs.
Mushrooms 2 Dogs can eat only 1 or 2 cooked non-toxic mushrooms. A lot of edible mushrooms can still be dangerous for dogs.



Food Risk Comments
Nachos 3 Nachos are covered in cheese and spicy ingredients. They are not recommended for dogs.
Nuts 3 Nuts are dangerous because they are high in fat and sometimes covered in salt.
Nutmeg 3 It contains a chemical named myristicin which induces hallucinogenic effects, diarrhea, nausea, and vomit.



Food Risk Comments
Oatmeal 1 Dogs can eat cooked oatmeal (salt and milk-free), but only in moderation.
Octopus 1 It isn’t necessarily bad for your dog but doesn’t have any benefit either.
Olives 1 They are not toxic for dogs, but olives don’t add any nutritional benefit to your dog’s diet.
Onions 3 Onions cause a condition called hemolytic anemia in dogs.
Orange 2 Acidic fruits like oranges can upset your dog’s stomach. Make sure you never let your dog eat orange peels.
Orange juice 2 It doesn’t have any benefits. Water is just so much better to keep your dog hydrated.
Oregano You can add some fresh oregano leaves or oregano oil to your dog’s diet. It is full of antioxidants.
Oreos 3 Oreos contain chocolate, and chocolate is poisonous to dogs.



Food Risk Comments
Pancakes 1 Avoid giving your dog to many pancakes. Avoid sugary extras. Use blueberries, banana, or peanut butter.
Papaya It is rich in fiber and can help with digestive problems like bloating and flatulence.
Parsley 1 If your dog is pregnant or suffers from kidney problems you should avoid parsley.
Pasta 1 Cooked pasta won’t harm your dog. However, large amounts of pasta can cause indigestion.
Peaches 2 The fruit itself is safe for dogs to eat. Don’t let your dog eat the poisonous pit.
Peanut butter 1 Stuff unsalted peanut butter into a Kong. Peanut butter cookies are an excellent dog treat too.
Pear Pears should be sliced up and offered as an occasional treat. Be sure to avoid the seeds.
Peas 1 Fresh peas are the best kind of peas for your dog. Avoid this vegetable if your dog has kidney problems.
Pecans 3 Pecans, just like most other nuts, are very dangerous to dogs.
Peppers It is safe for dogs to eat red, yellow, or green peppers.
Peppermint 1 The only species of mint, in the genus Mentha, which is toxic to dogs is English pennyroyal (Mentha pulegium).
Pepperoni 3 It is a spicy man-made meat. Usually, it induces diarrhea.
Persimmons 2 The main problem is in the seeds. Persimmons induce a laxative effect too.
Pickles 3  It is best to avoid them because they contain an unhealthy amount of sodium.
Pineapple In small amounts, pineapple is beneficial for your dog. It helps to boost the immune system and improves digestion.
Pistachio nuts 1 Removed from their shells, pistachios aren’t necessarily bad for dogs but are not recommended.
Pizza 3 Some pizza toppings include things that are dangerous for dogs to eat. Even the crust is full of bad carbohydrates.
Plain croutons You can use plain croutons as a treat for your dog.
Pomegranate 3 Dogs get sick after eating this fruit. They’ll have a stomach ache.
Popcorn 1 Dogs can eat unflavored popcorn. However, don’t let your dog fill up on popcorn because it isn’t healthy.
Pork Pork meat, thoroughly cooked, is safe for dogs.
Potatoes 1 Potatoes have lots of iron. Make sure you offer only cooked potatoes.
Pretzels 3 Pretzels are covered with salt, which can be dangerous for dogs.
Pumpkin Canned pumpkins are good for both diarrhea and constipation. It’s rich in fiber and beta-carotene.
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Food Risk Comments
Quinoa 2 Dogs can eat cooked quinoa in moderation. Uncooked quinoa is likely to cause problems in the dog’s digestive system.



Food Risk Comments
Raisins 3 Raisins can cause kidney damage and even death in dogs.
Raspberries Raspberries are good treats for dogs.
Rice 1 Adding a bit of rice to your dog’s dish occasionally can be a healthy treat.
Rhubarb leaves 3 Rhubarb leaves contain oxalic acid and oxalate salts which are toxic for dogs.



Food Risk Comments
Salami 3 The main health risk of salami is pancreatitis.
Salmon Well-cooked deboned salmon is a great way to add protein to your dog’s diet.
Salt 3 Salt ingestion can lead to dehydration.
Sardines Sardines are a good supplementary meal for dogs. It helps them keep a nice shiny coat.
Sausage 3 Sausages are extremely fat and have a high salt and spice content.
Seafood 1 Serve only cooked seafood. This will kill any parasites or bacteria that live in the raw fish.
Seaweed A daily sprinkling of well ground sea vegetables on your dog’s food is enough to provide the full benefits of these foods.
Shrimp 1 Cook, peel and devein the shrimp before giving it your dog. Do not use a lot of seasoning.
Skittles 3 Candies contain high amounts of saturated fat, sugar, and artificial flavors that are bad for your dog’s health.
Soda 3 The sugar content in soda is bad for dogs.
Spinach 2 It is safe for dogs to occasionally eat a small amount of spinach. Spinach is high in oxalates that can be problematic for dogs.
Squash Cooked squash is much easier for dogs to digest.
Squid 1 It isn’t necessarily bad for your dog but doesn’t have any benefit either.
Strawberries They are a perfect treat for dogs. They contain an enzyme that can help keep your dog’s teeth clean.
Sugar 3 Excessive consumption of sugar is bad for dogs. It can lead to bad dental cavities, diabetes, and obesity.
Sunflower seeds 1 Dogs can eat sunflower seeds in moderation. They are good sources of minerals, vitamins, and monounsaturated fats.
Sushi 1 Fresh sushi will not harm your dog. Avoid potentially spoiled sushi.
Sweet potatoes Sweet potatoes are full of valuable nutrients. However, keep in mind that sweet potatoes are also rich in carbs and sugar.



Food Risk Comments
Tacos 3 Tacos are spice and contain numerous ingredients that can be dangerous for your dog.
Tangerines 2 An excessive amount can upset your dog’s stomach and lead to diarrhea.
Tofu 2 Tofu contains soy milk, and soy allergy is one of the most common food allergies in dogs.
Tomatoes 2 Some dogs can have some mild stomach upset from eating tomatoes.
Tortillas 2 Tortillas are made of grain. Dogs do not digest grain efficiently.
Tuna 1 Tuna is an excellent source of omega-3 fatty acids and protein. It’s a good occasional treat.
Turkey Turkey provides a tasty treat for your dog as well as a good source of protein.
Turmeric In small amounts, it can be beneficial for your dog.



Food Risk Comments
Watermelon Dogs should not eat the seeds or the rind of watermelons.
White chocolate 3 White chocolates still contain small amounts of theobromine, which is highly dangerous for dogs.



Food Risk Comments
Xylitol 3 Xylitol is extremely toxic to dogs. It can cause hypoglycemia, seizures, liver failure, or even death in dogs.



Food Risk Comments
Yeast dough 3 Yeast dough can induce a bloated stomach or even gastric-dilatation volvulus.
Yogurt 1 Low fat, no sugar yogurts, with live active bacteria in it, are safe for dogs. Be alert for signs of lactose intolerance.



Food Risk Comments
Zucchini Cooked or raw zucchini is fine for your dog. It is a great source of nutrients.
We hope this list helps you choose your dog treats, avoiding all the dangerous foods.

Your dog nutrition is essential for his health.

Make sure he has a happy, long, and healthy life and his diet contains lots of healthy selections.

Of course, don’t forget lots of tummy rubs and ear scratches!


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*Disclaimer: We are not vets nor animal nutritionists. Please consult with your own veterinarian when choosing and/or trying new foods.*